Drawing Tools

Introduction

drawing toolsIn this section you will see how to use various drawing tools present in Vectorian Giotto. All drawing tools are selected from the Drawing Toolbar, which is initially visible and placed in the left hand side of Giotto’s window. If you do not see it, tick the View/Drawing Toolbar option. All drawing tools are used in pretty much the same way: select the drawing tool you want by left-clicking it and then do some action on the Stage (e.g. draw an object or select an object). Giotto has sixteen drawing tools: Selection, Sub-selection, Line, Lasso, Insert Bitmap, Text, Oval, Rectangle, Pencil, Brush, Free Transform, Fill Transform, Ink Bottle, Paint Bucket, Eyedropper and Eraser. Each drawing tool is described in detail in the following subsections. Pen and Brush tools, which are located in the Colors Toolbar, are closely related to drawing tools. This toolbar is initially located just below the Drawing Toolbar. Some Pen and Brush options are located in the Shape window which is initially placed in the right hand side of Giotto’s window. Usage of Pen and Brush is also described in detail.

Line Tool

drawing toolsThis tool is used to draw a line on the Stage. Select Line Tool icon from the Drawing Toolbar and left-click on the Stage where you want the starting point of a line to be. Then drag the mouse and release left button where you want the ending point of a line to be. The color of the line you have just drawn is a color that is selected as Pen color in the Colors Toolbar. By left-clicking the small black triangle just right of Pen label you can change the color of the line. Now take a look at the Shape window. There you can change width, type, color, and transparency of the Pen. Note that those settings should be set before you draw the line. Width is a whole number between 0 and 10, inclusive. Pen type can be: Solid, Dash, Dot, Dash-Dot, and Dash-Dot-Dot. Color can be changed by dragging the white square on the color palette or by typing values for Red, Green, and Blue components or by choosing those values from slider which opens after clicking small black triangle next to R, G, or B labels. Transparency is set in a similar fashion (A label). You can see effects of different Pen widths and types in the picture. There are 5 lines with widths of 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6, respectively and types Solid, Dash, Dot, Dash-Dot, and Dash-Dot-Dot, respectively.
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Insert Bitmap Tool

drawing toolsThis tool is used to insert a bitmap picture on the Stage. Select it and Windows will open standard dialog where you can choose which picture you want to insert. Left-click the picture you want to insert and click Open. Giotto will insert the selected picture on the Stage. There is a chance that picture is too small or too large and you want to change its dimensions. This is done using the Free Transform tool so you can look for that section in this manual. Giotto can insert following types of pictures: bitmap (bmp), JPEG (jpg), TIFF (tif), PNG (png), GIF (gif), and ICO (ico).
drawing tools

Text Tool

drawing toolsThis tool is used to insert text on the Stage. Text toolbar is closely related to this tool. At this toolbar you can change font and size of the text, select if text should be typed bold or italic, and choose alignment (left, centered, right or justified). Typically, you will first choose desired font, size, and alignment from the Text Toolbar, Brush color from the Colors Toolbar and then select Text Tool. Text toolbar is quite similar to text or formatting toolbars in text processors and you should have no difficulties using it. Select Text Tool from the Drawing Toolbar and move mouse pointer over Stage. Mouse pointer becomes crosshair. Click and drag and you will see dashed rectangle being drawn. This is a visual aid to help you determine the width of the text. When you release left mouse button, you can start typing the text. When you finish typing the text, you can choose 3.12 Selection Tool and, if needed, change text parameters. Another possibility to change color of typed text is using 3.9 Paint Bucket Tool. You can use 3.14 Free Transform Tool to change width and height of typed text, to rotate it or “mirror” it.

Oval Tool

drawing toolsThis tool is used to draw an oval shape on the Stage. Select Oval Tool icon from the Drawing Toolbar and click and drag the mouse on the Stage. As soon as you release the button an oval is drawn. Outline color of an oval is a color that is selected as Pen color. Fill color of an oval is a color that is selected as Brush color. For description of Pen tool see description of 3.1 Line Tool. By left-clicking the small black triangle right of Brush label you can change fill color for the shapes that will be drawn afterwards. Now take a look at the Shape window. There you can change type and color of the Brush. There are five types: None, Solid, Linear, Radial, and Bitmap. If Brush type is None than a shape drawn afterwards will have no fill. If Brush type is Solid than the fill will be single colored. Brush type Linear means that shape will be filled from left to right with several colors that transition smoothly from one another. Brush type Radial means that shape will be filled from center to edge with several colors that transition smoothly from one another. Finally, Bitmap type means that shape will be filled with bitmap picture you select. Colors are changed just like Pen colors.
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Rectangle Tool

drawing toolsThis tool is used to draw a rectangle shape on the Stage. Select Rectangle Tool icon from the Drawing Toolbar and click and drag the mouse on the Stage. The point where you have clicked will be one rectangle corner and the point where you have released mouse button will be diagonal corner. As soon as you release the button a rectangle is drawn. Outline color of an oval is a color that is selected as Pen color. Fill color of an oval is a color that is selected as Brush color.

Pencil Tool

drawing toolsThis tool is used to draw free formed lines on the Stage. Select Pencil Tool from the Drawing Toolbar and click and drag the mouse on the Stage. As you drag the mouse you will see a line being drawn. The color of the line you have just drawn is a color that is selected as Pen color in the Colors Toolbar. In the Shape window you can set width, type and color of the line. A few examples of solid, dotted and dash dotted lines with different widths are given below.
drawing tools

Brush Tool

drawing toolsThis tool is used to draw free formed wide and filled shapes on the Stage. Select Brush Tool from the Drawing Toolbar and click and drag the mouse on the Stage. Brush Tool is very powerful and you can adjust many of its parameters to accomplish various effects. You should now be familiar with most of these parameters located in the Colors toolbar and Shape window. Two additional parameters are Brush’s size and shape. Giotto offers you 10 sizes and 9 shapes of Brush. Size and shape are adjusted through two drop down lists located at Brush toolbar. Choose size from upper list and shape from the list below that one. Some of possible shapes are: circle, ellipse, square, rectangle etc. This picture shows just a little fraction of many different effects you can accomplish with Brush Tool. Shown are variations in size, shape and type of Brush.
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Ink Bottle Tool

drawing toolsThis tool is used to change the Pen (outline) of a drawn shape. If you have drawn some shape (e.g. rectangle), first choose desired Pen parameters (width, type, color, transparency) from the Shape window. Then select Ink Bottle Tool from the Drawing Toolbar and click at the shape you have drawn earlier. Its Pen parameters are now changed.

Paint Bucket Tool

drawing toolsThis tool is used to change the fill of a drawn shape. If you have drawn some shape (e.g. rectangle), first choose desired Brush parameters (type, color) from the Shape window. Then select Paint Bucket Tool from the Drawing Toolbar and click at the shape you have drawn earlier. Its fill parameters are changed.

Eyedropper Tool

drawing toolsThis tool is used to select new Brush color that can be applied afterwards as a fill color of some existing or new shape on the Stage. For example, there are a blue rectangle and a red oval on the Stage and you want fill color of an oval to be the same as rectangle’s. First, select Eyedropper Tool from the Drawing Toolbar. Then click at blue rectangle. Two things happened: Brush color in the Colors Toolbar is now blue and Paint Bucket Tool is selected. Finally, click at red oval which instantly became blue.

Eraser Tool

drawing toolsThis tool is used to erase parts of drawn shapes. It should not be used to delete whole shapes. Select Eraser Tool from the Drawing Toolbar and choose size and shape of eraser from the Eraser Toolbar which is opened just below the Colors Toolbar. Notice that mouse pointer is now shaped and sized just like eraser you have chosen. Click at the Stage and drag (without releasing left mouse button). Notice that parts of shapes below eraser are literally erased. But there is one interesting side effect – one shape can be split to two (or even more) shapes. This is done by erasing interior from one edge to another. In the left hand side of this picture is one shape that remained one shape after erasing and in the right hand side other that is split into two shapes after erasing.
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Selection Tool

drawing toolsThis tool is used to select shapes on the Stage. Select Selection Tool from the Drawing Toolbar and move your mouse pointer over any shape on the Stage. Notice the small black outlined square just to the right of mouse pointer – this means that Selection Tool can now be applied by simply clicking the shape. A number of markers (green filled dots) have appeared around the shape. If you want to select more than one shape, after selecting the first one press and hold Ctrl key and click the other shape(s). Notice that multiple shapes now have markers around them. An alternative way of selecting shapes is to select Selection Tool, click anywhere on the Stage and drag. As you drag, notice a rectangle on the Stage. As soon as you release left mouse button, rectangle disappears and all the shapes that are “touched” by rectangle are selected. While a shape is selected you can: move, delete, change shape’s Pen parameters (width, type, color, transparency), and change shape’s Brush parameters (type, color).
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Subselection Tool

drawing toolsThis tool is used to transform shapes by moving their markers. It also can be used to do everything that Selection Tool can do. Select Subselection Tool from the Drawing Toolbar and move your mouse pointer over any shape on the Stage. Notice the small black outlined square just to the right of mouse pointer – this means that Subselection Tool can now be applied by simply clicking the shape. A number of markers (green squares) has appeared around the shape. Notice that markers are now not filled – that is visual difference between Selection and Subselection Tool. If you want to move markers, first place mouse pointer over one of the markers. Notice that pointer now looks like a hand with index finger pointing the marker. Click and drag the marker to desired position. When you release left mouse button the shape will be redrawn to reflect change. Shapes drawn using Brush or Pencil tools have even more possibilities of transforming. Besides moving markers, you can also move control points in a similar fashion. Each marker has 2 control points which are visible only when you click on marker. Each control point and its corresponding marker form a tangent to shape’s outline. By moving control point you move that tangent, thus indirectly changing shape’s outline, as shown in the picture.
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Free Transform Tool

drawing toolsThis tool is used to change shape’s dimensions (height and width), to “mirror” shape or to rotate shape clockwise or counter clockwise. It also can be used to do everything that Selection Tool can do. Select Free Transform Tool from the Drawing Toolbar and move your mouse pointer over any shape on the Stage. Notice the small black outlined square just to the right of mouse pointer – this means that Free Transform Tool can now be applied by simply clicking the shape. Bounding rectangle and eight black square handles has appeared around the shape as well as four arcs on the corners and one white dot in the center.
drawing tools

Fill Transform Tool

drawing toolsThis tool is used to change shape’s fill properties. Select Fill Transform Tool from the Drawing Toolbar and move your mouse pointer over any shape on the Stage. Notice the black and white rectangle just to the right of mouse pointer – this means that Fill Transform Tool can now be applied by simply clicking the shape. Bounding rectangle and eight blue square handles has appeared around the shape as well as four arcs on the corners and one white dot in the center. Fill Transform Tool works in a similar fashion as Free Transform Tool.
drawing tools

Lasso Tool

drawing toolsThis tool is used to cut shapes on the Stage. Select Lasso Tool and move mouse pointer, which now looks like pencil, to the Stage. Choose where you want the starting point for the Lasso to be and then click and drag. As you drag you will see a line being drawn. When you release left mouse button the lasso will automatically close itself by connecting starting and ending point. All shapes that lasso touched are cut, effectively splitting them to two (or even more) shapes. In these pictures you can see how Lasso Tool works and how it affects the object. Rectangle and oval are split to two shapes each. Use Selection Tool to move split shapes.
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Moving shape

To move a shape, follow these steps: select a shape, left-click and drag mouse pointer to desired location, release mouse button.

Deleting shape

To delete a shape follow these steps: select a shape, press Delete key.

Changing Pen and Brush parameters

To change shape’s Pen parameters follow these steps: select a shape, choose desired parameters from the Shape window. Changes are instantaneously visible.

Changing width and height of a shape

drawing toolsIf you want to change width and/or height of a shape, move mouse pointer over one of eight black-square handles. Notice that pointer is now double-arrowed. Horizontal pointer means that you can change width, vertical mean that you can change height, and diagonal that you can change both width and height at the same time. For example, to change width click one of the handles on vertical rectangle sides and drag it to the left or right. Notice the dashed rectangle that shows you the final dimensions of a shape. When you release left mouse button shape will receive its new dimensions (new width in this example).
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Rotating a shape

To rotate a shape you need to use one of four corner arcs and, if needed, white dot. Move mouse pointer over one of four corner arcs. Notice that pointer is now shaped like arc with arrow. Click and drag and you will see that bounding rectangle is rotating. When you release left mouse button the shape will be rotated to its new position. The effect is the same no matter what corner arc you use for rotating. Center of rotation is represented by white dot. Simply, white dot does not change its position when you rotate a shape. You can change center of rotation by moving the white dot. To move the white dot, move mouse pointer over it. Notice the small circle just to the right of mouse pointer. This means that you can click and drag in order to move white dot. When you release mouse button, the center of rotation takes its new place. Center of rotation can be moved anywhere, even outside the Stage. To return center of rotation to its original position, just select Free Transform Tool again. You can simply control speed of rotation by moving arc-shaped mouse pointer closer to or further from the center of rotation. To rotate shape at higher speed, move pointer further from the center of rotation. To rotate shape at lower speed, move pointer closer to the center of rotation.
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